The geological reseaches in the Alborz, Zagros and Central Iran Basins

The biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of Cambrian and Ordovician acritarchs and chitinozoa from the Simeh-Kuh, NW Damghan City, the Alborz Mountains, northern Iran.

A study in Simeh-Kuh, northern Iran, focuses on Ordovician strata, documenting acritarchs and chitinozoa, and has helped to understand ancient environments. The aim is chronostratigraphical calibration, using palaeontological data including brachiopods, trilobites, and graptolites. Ninety-three surface samples were collected and analysed, yielding a rich collection of 117 morphotypes, including 59 acritarch species and 58 chitinozoan species. Eight acritarch assemblage biozones (A–H) and 14 chitinozoan biozones (1–14) were established. Biozones A–F indicate Late Cambrian to Middle Ordovician ages in the Lashkarak Formation, while biozones G–H indicate the Late Ordovician in the Ghelli Formation. The Eremochitina brevis-Linochitina pissotensis biozones suggest late Floian to late Darriwilian ages, and the Belonechitina robusta-Armoricochitina nigerica biozones support a Late Ordovician age. These findings place the Alborz Mountains in the North Gondwana Domain during the Ordovician. Palynomorphs with a thermal alteration index of 4.0–4.5 indicate overmature organic matter in Lower Palaeozoic deposits, potentially linked to the Ordovician metamorphic event in the southern Caspian Sea. Additionally, four new species were identified: Cyathochitina sp. A, Tanuchitina hosseini-nezhadi sp. nov., Dactylofusa kazzazii sp. nov., and Inflatarium alborzensis sp. nov.

Mohammad Ghavidel-Syooki, Mohammad Hossein Piri-Kangarshahi

Keywords: Marine microflora and microfauna; biostratigraphy; Cambrian–Ordovician; Gondwana/Peri-Gondwana; Alborz Mountains (northern Iran); palaeobiogeography;

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