The geological reseaches in the Alborz, Zagros and Central Iran Basins

Miospore assemblages from Late Ordovician (Katian- Hirnantian), Ghelli Formation, Alborz Mountain Range North-eastern Iran: Palaeophytogeographic and palaeoclimatic implications

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI,

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Cryptospore and trilete spore assemblages from the Late Ordovician (Katian–Hirnantian) Ghelli Formation, Alborz Mountain Range, Northeastern Iran: Palaeophytogeographic and
palaeoclimatic implications

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI,

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Mohammad Ghavidel-Syooki1,*, Leonid E. Popov2,*,
Mansoureh Ghobadi Pour3, J. Javier A ´ lvaro4 and Mohammad H. Ehsani1
1Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Technical Faculty of Tehran University, P.O. Box 11365-4563, Tehran, Iran

2Department of Geology, National Museum Cardiff, Cathays Park, Cardiff CF10 3NP, Wales, UK

3Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Golestan University, Gorgan 49138-15739, Iran

4Centre of Astrobiology (CSIC/INTA), Ctra. de Torrejo´n a Ajalvir km 4, 28850 Torrejo´n de Ardoz, Spain

*Corresponding authors
ABSTRACT: Brachiopods are among the most common components of the Late Ordovician
benthic faunal assemblages recorded in the Faraghan Mountains, Zagros Ranges, Iran. A total
of 19 species referable to 16 genera are identified, including seven new species; namely Drabovia
elegans, Hibernodonta bonehensis, Hedstroemina zakeenensis, Jezercia faraghani, Protomendacella
multicostata, Tafilaltia dargazensis and Tafilaltia seyahouensis. Reported brachiopod assemblages
are oligotaxic (2–3 species per assemblage) to monotaxic. The only exception is the medium diversity
Aegiromena-Hedstroemina Association, with up to ten species, which occurs at the lower part of
the A. nigerica Zone. Low diversity patterns were probably controlled by the palaeogeographical
position of the region in high southern latitudes throughout the Ordovician. Paterula sp. and Iranospirifer
sp. are the only brachiopods documented from the Silurian (Llandovery) Sarchahan Formation.
This paper gives the first detailed report of shelly fossils from the Llandovery ‘hot shale’ of the
Arabian margin of Gondwana. Most of the Katian genera, and many of their species, are shared
with neighbouring high- to mid-latitude peri-Gondwanan margins, including Morocco, Spain,
France, Sardinia and Bohemia.
KEY WORDS: biofacies, biogeography, Faraghan Mountains, Gondwana, Katian, Llandovery

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI, DAVID H. EVANS, MANSOUREH GHOBADI POUR,
LEONID E. POPOV, J. JAVIER ÁLVARO, UTKYR RAKHMONOV, INNA A. KLISHEVICH and
MOHAMMAD H. EHSANI
GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI, M., EVANS, D.H., GHOBADI POUR, M., POPOV, L.E., ÁLVARO, J.J., RAKHMONOV, U., KLISHEVICH, I.A. & EHSANI, M.D., XX.XX.2015.
Late Ordovician cephalopods, tentaculitides, machaeridians and echinoderm columnals from Kuh-e Faraghun, High Zagros, Iran. Alcheringa 39,
XXX–XXX. ISSN 0311-5518.
Late Ordovician (Katian, uppermost Acanthochitina barbata to Armoricochitina nigerica chitinozoan zones) cephalopods, tentaculitides,
machaeridians and echinoderms are documented for the first time from the southern Zagros Ranges. A low-diversity cephalopod fauna
includes Geisonocerina dargazense sp. nov., Isorthoceras sp. cf. I. bisignatum (Barrande) and other undetermined orthoceratides. The presence
of Late Ordovician tentaculitides in the high- to mid-latitude margins of Gondwana has been documented previously, but no examples have
been described in detail. Thus, Costatulites kimi sp. nov., which currently occurs associated with brachiopods characteristic of the Svobodaina
havliceki (brachiopod) Association, represents the earliest undoubted record of tentaculitides in Gondwana. Machaeridians constitute a relatively
common component of the Late Ordovician benthic faunas from the Mediterranean margin of Gondwana, but no previous records
on the Gondwanan Iranian-Arabian segment have been reported. Three echinoderm taxa based on dissociated columnals are documented from
the Armoricochitina nigerica chitinozoan Zone, including Sumsaricystis radiatus Stukalina, Ristnacrinus sp. and Rosulicrinus rosulus
Stukalina.
Mohammad Ghavidel-Syooki Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Technical Faculty of Tehran University, PO
Box 11365-4563, Tehran, Iran; David H. Evans , Natural England, Suite D, Unex House, Bourges Boulevard,
Peterborough PE1 1NG, UK; Mansoureh Ghobadi Pour* , Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Golestan
University, Gorgan, Iran; Leonid E. Popov , Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, Cathays
Park, Cardiff CF10 3NP, UK; J. Javier Álvaro , Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC-UCM), c/ José Antonio Novais 2, 28040
Madrid, Spain; Utkyr Rakhmonov, Kitab State Geological Reserve, 9 Ipak Yuli Street, Sakhrisabz, Uzbekistan; Inna A. Klishevich, Department of
Historical Geology, Geological Faculty, St Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya 7/9, 199034 St Petersburg, Russia
; Mohammad H. Ehsani , Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Technical Faculty of Tehran
University, PO Box 11365-4563, Tehran, Iran. *Also affiliated with Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, Cathays Park, Cardiff
CF10 3NP, UK. Received 26.2.2015; revised 22.4.2015; accepted 15.5.2015.
Key words: Gondwana, Katian, Seyahou Formation, taxonomy, invertebrates, biogeography.

First reported Late Ordovician trilobites from the High Zagros Ranges, Iran: A biogeographic link between Gondwanan Chinese and Mediterranean faunas

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI,

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Palynostratigraphy, Palaeogeography and Source Rock
Evaluation of the Nayband Formation at the Parvadeh
area, Central Iran, Iran

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI,

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Crptospore and miospore assemblag-es from Upper Ordovician (katian-Hirnantian) strata of the Alborz Mountain Ranges, Northeastern Iran: Palaeophytogeographic and Palaeo-climatic implications

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI,

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Dapingian lower Darriwilian (Ordovician) stratigraphic gap in the Faraghan Mountains, Zagros Ranges, south-eastern Iran

MOHAMMAD GHAVIDEL-SYOOKI, LEONID E. POPOV, J. JAVIER ÁLVARO,
MANSOUREH GHOBADI POUR, TATIANA Y. TOLMACHEVA & MOHAMMAD-HOSSEIN EHSANI

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زمین شناسی نفت و کاربرد آن در اکتشاف مخارن هیدروکربنی

جهت تهیه کتاب زمین شناسی نفت و کاربرد آن در اکتشاف مخارن هیدروکربنی می توانید به مسیرهای زیر مراجعه نمایید:

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پیشگفتار کتاب زمین شناسی نفت و کاربرد آن در اکتشاف مخارن هیدروکربنی

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مصاحبه اختصاصي با دكتر محمد قويدل سيوكي؛ افق هاي پيشروي اكتشاف منابع هيدروكربوري در كشور

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